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Prophetic Midrash
Enduring Stories from the Lives of Prophets

Saturday, July 15

Meet the Patriarchal Prophets

Detail from 'Sacrifice of Isaac,' an oil on canvas by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, c. 1635From the Chaldean city of Ur to Egypt and on to Canaan, the nomadic people of the Patriarchal period roamed large tracts of the Middle East.

The Patriarchy that began with Abraham and included the Exodus continued to the period of the Judges. The sixteen prophets from this era are:

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Saturday, July 1

Meet the Judge Prophets

Detail from 'Prophet Samuel,' a pigment on plaster fresco at the Kiev, Russia Golden Domed Monastery.Following the Patriarchal period, the nation called Israel evolved into a loose federation of tribes ruled by Judges, and held together by a common faith and a common ancestry.

While there were more than twenty judges during this period -- Samson being the most infamous -- only four were considered to have the status of Prophets. (One additional judge -- Deborah -- is included in the list of Prophetesses.)

The four Prophet-Judges are:
  • Othniel ben Kenaz (aka Othoniel, ʻOtniʼel, עתניאל)
  • Ehud ben Gera (aka ʾĒhûḏ, אהוד)
  • Eli ben Ithamar (aka `Eli, עֵלִי)
  • Gideon ben Joash (aka Gid`on, Jerubbaal, Jerubbesheth, Yerubba`al, יֶר-בַּעַל ,גדְעוֹן)

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List of Prophets, Prophets in the Bible, Biblical Prophets, List of Biblical Prophets, Old Testament Prophets
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Theophanies, Ecumenical, Prophecy Prophecy in the Bible • Biblical Prophecy • Christian Prophets
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